Table Of Content

INTRODUCTION
HOW TO USE THIS
SPECIAL NOTE ON CYTOCHROME P-450 MODULATORs

CHAPTER 1: THE ROLE OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY

Girl in a jacketTHE KEY TO SUCCESSFUL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGICAL PRACTICE-22
Girl in a jacketSSRIs AND22
Girl in a jacketPRACTICE GUIDELINES 18
Girl in a jacketIMPROVING-18
Girl in a jacketTHE INTEGRATED BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL MODEL OF TREATMENT19
Girl in a jacketPHARMACOGENETICS20

CHAPTER 2: BLACK BOX WARNINGS

Girl in a jacketBLACK BOX WARNING REGARDING ANTIDEPRESSANT USE IN CHILDREN
Girl in a jacketPOSSIBLE CAUSES OF INCREASED SUICIDALITY IN CHILDREN TAKING
Girl in a jacketANTIDEPRESSANTS
Girl in a jacketSSRIS AND CHILDREN
Girl in a jacketTHE LINK BETWEEN DEPRESSION AND SUICIDE
Girl in a jacketCONTROVERSY AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE FDA WARNING
Girl in a jacketBLACK BOX WARNING REGARDING ANTIPSYCHOTIC USE IN THE ELDERLY
Girl in a jacketMEDICATIONS RECEIVING A BLACK BOX WARNING IN THE ELDERLY

CHAPTER 3: IMPORTANT DSM-5 CHANGES

Girl in a jacketGENERAL UPDATES IN DSM-5
Girl in a jacketSAMPLE DSM-5 DIAGNOSTIC DOCUMENTATION

CHAPTER 4: DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS AND ANTIDEPRESSANTS

Girl in a jacketDSM-5 TYPES
Girl in a jacketBLACK BOX WARNING REGARDING ANTIDEPRESSANT USE IN CHILDREN
Girl in a jacketANTIDEPRESSANTS
Girl in a jacketSelective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Girl in a jacketSerotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
Girl in a jacketSerotonin Antagonist and Reuptake Inhibitors (SARIs)
Girl in a jacketOther Medications
Girl in a jacketMonoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Girl in a jacketTricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)

CHAPTER 5: BIPOLAR DISORDER AND MOOD STABILIZERS 72orem Ipsum?

Girl in a jacketDSM-5 TYPES
Girl in a jacketUNSPECIFIED BIPOLAR AND RELATED DISORDERMOOD STABILIZERS
Girl in a jacketLithium
Girl in a jacketAnticonvulsants
Girl in a jacketAtypical Antipsychotics (Second Generation)
Girl in a jacketOther Medications

CHAPTER 6: ANXIETY DISORDERS AND ANXIOLYTICS 87

Girl in a jacketANXIOLYTICS
Girl in a jacketBenzodiazepines
Girl in a jacketNon-Benzodiazepine Medications
Girl in a jacketAntidepressants
Girl in a jacketAlpha-Blockers
Girl in a jacketBeta-Blockers
Girl in a jacketAnticonvulsants
Girl in a jacketAntipsychotics

CHAPTER 7: ADHD AND ITS TREATMENT

Girl in a jacketCHANGES IN DSM-5
Girl in a jacketMEDICATIONS
Girl in a jacketCNS Stimulants (amphetamine- and methylphenidate-based)
Girl in a jacketNonstimulants

CHAPTER 8: PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS AND ANTIPSYCHOTICS

Girl in a jacketSYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS
Girl in a jacketPSYCHOTIC DISORDERS MANAGEMENT
Girl in a jacketBLACK BOX WARNING REGARDING ANTIPSYCHOTIC USE IN THE ELDERLY
Girl in a jacketMEDICATIONS
Girl in a jacketAtypical Antipsychotics (Second Generation)
Girl in a jacketTypical Antipsychotics (First Generation)

CHAPTER 9: SIDE EFFECTS OF PSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION

Girl in a jacketDISORDERS/SIDE EFFECTS CAUSED BY PSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION
Girl in a jacketExtrapyramidal Symptoms (EPS)
Girl in a jacketDISORDERS EXACERBATED BY PSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION
Girl in a jacketRestless Leg Syndrome
Girl in a jacketTourette Syndrome
Girl in a jacketSexual Dysfunction
Girl in a jacketWeight Gain

CHAPTER 10: SLEEP DISORDERS AND HYPNOTICS

Girl in a jacketHYPNOTICS
Girl in a jacketBENZODIAZEPINE HYPNOTICS
Girl in a jacketNON-BENZODIAZEPINE HYPNOTICS

CHAPTER 11: SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS AND THEIR TREATMENT

Girl in a jacketDSM-5 CHANGES
Girl in a jacketDRUGS OF ABUSE

CHAPTER 12: DEMENTIA-RELATED DISORDERS AND COGNITIVE ENHANCERS

Girl in a jacketCHANGES IN DSM-5
Girl in a jacketTREATMENT
Girl in a jacketNON-BENZODIAZEPINE HYPNOTICS

CHAPTER 13: PSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION USE IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATION

Girl in a jacketFDA PREGNANCY RATINGS
Girl in a jacketMEDICATION USED IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATION
Girl in a jacketPREGNANCY-RELATED PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS
Girl in a jacketPostpartum Blues
Girl in a jacketPostpartum Depression
Girl in a jacketPostpartum Psychosis
Girl in a jacketPRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT

CHAPTER 14: PSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION USE IN CHILDREN AND THE ELDERLY

Girl in a jacketBLACK BOX WARNING REGARDING ANTIDEPRESSANT USE IN CHILDREN
Girl in a jacketMEDICATIONS
Girl in a jacketCLOMIPRAMINE ELDERLY PATIENTS
Girl in a jacketBlack Box Warning Regarding Antipsychotic Use in the Elderly
Girl in a jacketMedications
Girl in a jacketTreatment of Agitation in the Elderly

CHAPTER 15: PSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION USE IN COMORBID MEDICAL CONDITIONS—HEPATIC, RENAL, HIV

Girl in a jacketHEPATIC DISORDER
Girl in a jacketRENAL DISORDER
Girl in a jacketHIV
Girl in a jacketImportant Notes Regarding Use of Psychotropic Drugs in HIV 256

CHAPTER 16: PSYCHIATRIC EMERGENCIES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT

Girl in a jacketPSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION-RELATED EMERGENCIES (NMS, SEROTONIN SYNDROME) SUICIDE
Girl in a jacketAlcohol Dependence: 2% Risk Factors
Girl in a jacketManagement
Girl in a jacketPrevention
Girl in a jacketAGITATION AND VIOLENCE
Girl in a jacketCauses and Risk Factors
Girl in a jacketManagement
Girl in a jacketPrevention
Girl in a jacketPSYCHIATRIC MEDICATION-RELATED EMERGENCIES
Girl in a jacketNeuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)
Girl in a jacketSerotonin Syndrome

CHAPTER 17: POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER AND ITS TREATMENT

Girl in a jacketCOMPLEX PTSD CHANGES IN DSM-5
Girl in a jacketMANAGEMENT
Girl in a jacketPsychotherapeutic Approaches
Girl in a jacketPharmacological Treatment

CHAPTER 18: EATING DISORDERS AND THEIR TREATMENT 271

Girl in a jacketDSM-5 TYPES
Girl in a jacketTESTING
Girl in a jacketMANAGEMENT
Girl in a jacketAnorexia Nervosa
Girl in a jacketBinge Eating Disorder
Girl in a jacketBulimia Nervosa
Girl in a jacketPREVENTION

CHAPTER 19: PERSONALITY DISORDERS AND THEIR TREATMENT 274

Girl in a jacketCATEGORIZATION
Girl in a jacketMANAGEMENT
Girl in a jacketTherapy
Girl in a jacketDialectic behavior therapy Medication
Girl in a jacketAntisocial Personality Disorder

CHAPTER 20: ECT, VNS, AND OTHER BRAIN STIMULATION THERAPIES

Girl in a jacketFOCAL ELECTRICAL ALTERNATING CURRENT THERAPY (FEAT)
Girl in a jacketELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY (ECT)
Girl in a jacketVAGUS NERVE STIMULATION (VNS)
Girl in a jacketREPETITIVE TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION (RTMS)
Girl in a jacketMAGNETIC SEIZURE THERAPY (MST)
Girl in a jacketDEEP BRAIN STIMULATION (DBS)
Girl in a jacketFISHER WALLACE STIMULATOR
Girl in a jacketTRANSCRANIAL DIRECT CURRENT STIMULATION (TDCS)
Girl in a jacketFOCAL ELECTRICAL ALTERNATING CURRENT THERAPY (FEAT)
Girl in a jacketCRANIAL ELECTROTHERAPY STIMULATION (CES)
Girl in a jacketGAMMACORETM NVNS DEVICE

CHAPTER 21: DIETARY, HERBAL, AND OTC MEDICATIONS IN PSYCHIATRY 287

Girl in a jacketFOCAL ELECTRICAL ALTERNATING CURRENT THERAPY (FEAT)
Girl in a jacketPSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS TREATED WITH ALTERNATIVE MEDICATION
Girl in a jacketCLINICAL GUIDELINES
Girl in a jacketCOMMON CAMS
Girl in a jacketDHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone)
Girl in a jacketFolate and Vitamin B12
Girl in a jacketGingko
Girl in a jacketInositol
Girl in a jacketKava
Girl in a jacketMelatonin
Girl in a jacketOmega-3 Fatty Acids
Girl in a jacketSAMe (S-Adenosylmethionine)
Girl in a jacketSt. John’s Wort
Girl in a jacketValerian

CHAPTER 22: THE FUTURE OF PSYCHIATRY

Girl in a jacketSTUDIES, TRIALS, AND NEWER MODALITIES
Girl in a jacketDrug Trials
Girl in a jacketFuture Medications

CHAPTER 23: DIGITAL PSYCHIATRY

Girl in a jacketINTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL PSYCHIATRY
Girl in a jacketAdvantages and disadvantages
Girl in a jacketWhat does the clinician need to know about digital psychiatry?
Girl in a jacketWebsites
Girl in a jacketMessaging services
Girl in a jacketMobile apps
Girl in a jacketGiTelepsychiatryngko

CHAPTER 24: APPS AND WEARABLES FOR MENTAL HEALTH 309

Girl in a jacketHOW TO CHOOSE AN APP?
Girl in a jacketFDA Approved Apps and Devices
Girl in a jacketOther apps and devices

CHAPTER 25: THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND MENTAL HEALTH

Girl in a jacketNEUROPSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMS OF COVID-19
Girl in a jacketTHE IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON ECONOMY
Girl in a jacketThe effect of economic hardships on mental health
Girl in a jacketDIRECT IMPACT OF PANDEMIC REGULATIONS ON MENTAL HEALTH
Girl in a jacketETIOLOGY OF PANDEMIC-INDUCED NEGATIVE MENTAL HEALTH OUTCOMES
Girl in a jacketTHE PREVALENCE OF NEGATIVE MENTAL HEALTH OUTCOMES IN THE UNITED STATES
Girl in a jacketNegative Mental outcomes in different populations
Girl in a jacketPrevention of pandemic-related mental disorders
Girl in a jacketIMPLICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE

CHAPTER 26: CANNABIS

Girl in a jacketCANNABIS DERIVATES
Girl in a jacketCannabidiol
Girl in a jacketDronabinol
Girl in a jacketNabilone

CHAPTER 27: OPIOIDS

Girl in a jacketINTRODUCTION
Girl in a jacketBACKGROUND AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
Girl in a jacketTypes of Opioids
Girl in a jacketMechanism of Action
Girl in a jacketOpioid Use Disorder
Girl in a jacketOpioid Overdose
Girl in a jacketROLE OF PARAMEDIC AND POLICE AMIDST THE CRISIS
Girl in a jacketOpioid Prescription Policies and future directions
Girl in a jacketCONCLUSION
Girl in a jacketDRUGS USED FOR OPIOID USE DISORDER
Girl in a jacketBuprenorphine
Girl in a jacketBuprenorphine and Naloxone
Girl in a jacketLevacetylmethadol
Girl in a jacketLofexidine
Girl in a jacketMethadone
Girl in a jacketNaltrexone
Girl in a jacketVivitrol

APPENDIX A: HELPFUL RESOURCES
APPENDIX B: MEDICAL/PSYCHIATRIC ABBREVIATIONS 355

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